Polarization Multiplexing of Fluorescent Emission Using Multiresonant Plasmonic Antennas
journal contributionposted on 2017-11-21, 00:00 authored by Eva De Leo, Ario Cocina, Preksha Tiwari, Lisa V. Poulikakos, Patricia Marqués-Gallego, Boris le Feber, David J. Norris, Ferry Prins
Combining the ability to localize electromagnetic fields at the nanoscale with a directional response, plasmonic antennas offer an effective strategy to shape the far-field pattern of coupled emitters. Here, we introduce a family of directional multiresonant antennas that allows for polarization-resolved spectral identification of fluorescent emission. The geometry consists of a central aperture surrounded by concentric polygonal corrugations. By varying the periodicity of each axis of the polygon individually, this structure can support multiple resonances that provide independent control over emission directionality for multiple wavelengths. Moreover, since each resonant wavelength is directly mapped to a specific polarization orientation, spectral information can be encoded in the polarization state of the out-scattered beam. To demonstrate the potential of such structures in enabling simplified detection schemes and additional functionalities in sensing and imaging applications, we use the central subwavelength aperture as a built-in nanocuvette and manipulate the fluorescent response of colloidal-quantum-dot emitters coupled to the multiresonant antenna.
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detection schemesFluorescent Emissionout-scattered beammultiresonant antennapolarization orientationfar-field patternsubwavelength apertureimaging applicationsplasmonic antennas offermultiresonant antennasMultiresonant Plasmonic Antennaspolygonal corrugationsresponsepolarization stateelectromagnetic fieldsPolarization Multiplexingemission directionalitycolloidal-quantum-dot emitters