American Chemical Society
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Planar and Cell Aggregate-Like Assemblies Consisting of Microreactors and HepG2 Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-10-23, 13:40 authored by Yan Zhang, Philipp S. Schattling, Fabian Itel, Brigitte Städler
The assembly of microreactors has made considerable progress toward the fabrication of artificial cells. However, their characterization remains largely limited to buffer solution-based assays in the absence of their natural role modelthe biological cells. Herein, the combination of microreactors with HepG2 cells either in planar cell cultures or in the form of cell aggregates is reported. Alginate (Alg)-based microreactors loaded with catalase are assembled by droplet microfluidics, and their activity is confirmed. The acceptance of polymer-coated ∼40 μm Alg particles by proliferating HepG2 cells is depending on the terminating polymer layer. When these functional microreactors are cocultured with HepG2 cells, they can be employed for detoxification, that is, hydrogen peroxide removal, and by doing so, they assist the cells to survive. This report is among the first successful combination of microreactors with biological cells, that is, HepG2 cells, contributing to the fundamental understanding of integrating synthetic and biological partners toward the maturation of this semisynthetic concept for biomedical applications.

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