Planar Trimethylenemethane Dianion Chemistry of Lanthanide Metallocenes: Synthesis, Structure, Density Functional Theory Analysis, and Reactivity of [(C5Me5)2Ln]2[μ-η3:η3-C(CH2)3] Complexes
journal contributionposted on 20.12.2006, 00:00 by William J. Evans, Timothy M. Champagne, Joseph W. Ziller, Nikolas Kaltsoyannis
The unusual formation of planar trimethylenemethane (TMM) dianion complexes of lanthanide metallocenes, [(C5Me5)2Ln]2[μ-η3:η3-C(CH2)3] (Ln = Sm, 1; La, 2; Pr, 3; Nd, 4; Y, 5) has been examined by synthesizing examples with metals from La to Y to examine the effects of radial size on structure and to provide closed shell examples for direct comparison with density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Synthetic routes to 1−4 have been expanded from the [(C5Me5)2Ln][(μ-Ph)2BPh2]/neopentyl lithium reaction involving β-methyl elimination to a [(C5Me5)2Ln][(μ-Ph)2BPh2]/isobutyl lithium route. The synthetic pathways are sensitive to metal radius. To obtain 5, the methylallyl complex, (C5Me5)2Y[CH2C(Me)CH2], 6, was synthesized and treated with [(C5Me5)2YH]x. In the Lu case, the neopentyl complex [(C5Me5)2LuCH2C(CH3)3]x, 7, was isolated instead of the TMM product. X-ray crystallography showed that the metrical parameters of the planar TMM dianions in each complex are similar. The structural data have been compared with DFT calculations on the closed-shell lanthanum and lutetium complexes that suggest only limited covalent interactions with the lanthanide ion. Benzophenone (2 equiv) reacts with 1 to expand the original four-carbon TMM skeleton to a dianionic bis(alkoxide) ligand containing a symmetrically substituted CCH2 moiety in [(C5Me5)2Sm]2[μ-(OCPh2CH2)2CCH2], 8. In this reaction, the TMM complex reacts as a bifunctional bisallylic reagent that generates an organic framework containing a central vinyl group.
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lutetium complexesLu caselanthanide ionPlanar Trimethylenemethane Dianion Chemistrybifunctional bisallylic reagentmetal radiusdianion complexesshell exampleslanthanide metallocenes5Mecovalent interactionsDensity Functional Theory AnalysisSynthetic routessynthesizing examplesvinyl groupDFT calculationsTMM dianionsTMM product