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# Planar Three-Coordinate High-Spin Fe^{II} Complexes with Large
Orbital Angular Momentum: Mössbauer, Electron
Paramagnetic Resonance, and Electronic Structure Studies

journal contribution

posted on 2002-02-27, 00:00 authored by Hanspeter Andres, Emile L. Bominaar, Jeremy M. Smith, Nathan A. Eckert, Patrick L. Holland, Eckard MünckMössbauer spectra of [LFe

^{II}X]^{0}(L = β-diketiminate; X = Cl^{-}, CH_{3}^{-}, NHTol^{-}, NHtBu^{-}),**1**.X, were recorded between 4.2 and 200 K in applied magnetic fields up to 8.0 T. A spin Hamiltonian analysis of these data revealed a spin*S*= 2 system with uniaxial magnetization properties, arising from a quasi-degenerate*M*_{S}= ±2 doublet that is separated from the next magnetic sublevels by very large zero-field splittings (3|*D*| > 150 cm^{-1}). The ground levels give rise to positive magnetic hyperfine fields of unprecedented magnitudes,*B*_{int}= +82, +78, +72, and +62 T for**1.**CH_{3},**1.**NHTol,**1.**NHtBu, and**1.**Cl, respectively. Parallel-mode EPR measurements at X-band gave effective*g*values that are considerably larger than the spin-only value 8, namely*g*_{eff}= 10.9 (**1.**Cl) and 11.4 (**1.**CH_{3}), suggesting the presence of unquenched orbital angular momenta. A qualitative crystal field analysis of*g*_{eff}shows that these momenta originate from spin−orbit coupling between energetically closely spaced*yz*and*z*^{2}3d-orbital states at iron and that the spin of the*M*_{S}= ±2 doublet is quantized along*x*, where*x*is along the Fe−X vector and*z*is normal to the molecular plane. A quantitative analysis of*g*_{eff}provides the magnitude of the crystal field splitting of the lowest two orbitals, |ε*− ε*_{yz}_{z}^{2}| = 452 (**1.**Cl) and 135 cm^{-1}(**1.**CH_{3}). A determination of the sign of the crystal field splitting was attempted by analyzing the electric field gradient (EFG) at the^{57}Fe nuclei, taking into account explicitly the influence of spin−orbit coupling on the valence term and ligand contributions. This analysis, however, led to ambiguous results for the sign of ε*− ε*_{yz}_{z}^{2}. The ambiguity was resolved by analyzing the splitting Δ of the*M*_{S}= ±2 doublet; Δ = 0.3 cm^{-1}for**1.**Cl and Δ = 0.03 cm^{-1}for**1.**CH_{3}. This approach showed that*z*^{2}is the ground state in both complexes and that ε*− ε*_{xz}_{z}^{2}≈ 3500 cm^{-1}for**1.**Cl and 6000 cm^{-1}for**1.**CH_{3}. The crystal field states and energies were compared with the results obtained from time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT). The isomer shifts and electric field gradients in**1.**X exhibit a remarkably strong dependence on ligand X. The ligand contributions to the EFG, denoted*W*, were expressed by assigning ligand-specific parameters:*W*_{X}to ligands X and*W*_{N}to the diketiminate nitrogens. The additivity and transferability hypotheses underlying this model were confirmed by DFT calculations. The analysis of the EFG data for**1.**X yields the ordering*W*_{N(diketiminate)}<*W*_{Cl}<*W*_{N}_{‘}_{HR},*W*_{CH}_{3}and indicates that the diketiminate nitrogens perturb the iron wave function to a considerably lesser extent than the monodentate nitrogen donors do. Finally, our study of these synthetic model complexes suggests an explanation for the unusual values for the electric hyperfine parameters of the iron sites in the Fe−Mo cofactor of nitrogenase in the M^{N}state.## History

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## Keywords

EPR1. X yieldscrystal field splittinguniaxial magnetization propertiesHRligand contributionscrystal field statesM N statecrystal field analysis1. X exhibitmonodentate nitrogen donorsdiketiminate nitrogens perturbEFGM Scmiron wave functiong eff57 Fe nucleiDFTElectronic Structure Studies M össbauer spectra1. ClLFe II XW CH 31. CH 3

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