Planar-Chiral Phosphine-Olefin Ligands Exploiting a (Cyclopentadienyl)manganese(I) Scaffold To Achieve High Robustness and High Enantioselectivity
journal contributionposted on 03.01.2017, 00:00 by Ken Kamikawa, Ya-Yi Tseng, Jia-Hong Jian, Tamotsu Takahashi, Masamichi Ogasawara
A series of 2-methyl-1,3-propenylene-bridged (η5-diarylphosphinocyclopentadienyl)(phosphine)manganese(I) dicarbonyl complexes 2 have been developed as a new class of phosphine-olefin ligands based on a planar-chiral transition-metal scaffold, which show better robustness as well as higher enantioselectivity over phosphine-olefin ligands 1 with a planar-chiral (η6-arene)chromium(0) framework. The practical enantiospecific and scalable synthesis of 2 has been established. Phosphine-olefin ligands 2 enable construction of an effective chiral environment around a transition-metal center upon coordination, and thus their rhodium(I) complexes exhibit excellent catalytic performance in the various asymmetric addition reactions of arylboron nucleophiles. Complex 2b, which has a bis(3,5-dimethylphenyl)phosphino group on the cyclopentadienyl ring, is found to be a superior chiral ligand in the rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric 1,4-addition reactions of arylboronic acids to various cyclic/acyclic enones giving the corresponding arylation products in over 99% ee. On the other hand, 2c and 2d, which have bis[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]phosphino and bis(3,5-di-tert-buthyl-4-methoxyphenyl)phosphino groups, respectively, are highly efficient chiral ligands in the rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric 1,2-addition reactions of the arylboron nucleophiles to imines or aldehydes showing up to 99.9% ee. The X-ray crystallographic studies of (R)-2b and [RhCl((S*)-2b)]2 reveal the absolute configuration of 2b and its phosphine-olefin bidentate coordination to a rhodium(I) cation. Structural comparison with [RhCl((R*)-1b)]2 postulates the origins of the higher enantioselectivity of newly developed phosphine-olefin ligands 2.