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Phytotoxic Metabolites Produced by Diaporthella cryptica, the Causal Agent of Hazelnut Branch Canker

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journal contribution
posted on 14.03.2018, 00:00 authored by Alessio Cimmino, Paola Nocera, Benedetto Teodoro Linaldeddu, Marco Masi, Marcin Gorecki, Gennaro Pescitelli, Lucio Montecchio, Lucia Maddau, Antonio Evidente
From the culture filtrates of Diaporthella cryptica, an emerging hazelnut pathogen, 2-hydroxy-3-phenylpropanoate methyl ester and its 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl) and 3-(1H-indol-3-yl) analogues, named crypticins A–C, were isolated together with the well-known tyrosol. Crypticins A–C were identified by spectroscopic (essentially nuclear magnetic resonance and high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry) methods. The R absolute configuration (AC) of crypticin A was determined by comparing its optical rotation and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectrum with those of papuline, the methyl ester of (−)­(S)-phenyllactic acid isolated as the main phytotoxin of Pseudomonas syringae pv. papulans, responsible for apple blister spot. The ACs of crypticins B and C were determined by time-dependent density functional theory calculations of their ECD spectra. Papuline and the new metabolites herein isolated, except tyrosol, were tested at 1 mg/mL on cork oak, grapevine, hazelnut, and holm oak leaves using the leaf puncture assay. They were also tested on tomato cuttings at 0.5 and 0.05 mg/mL. In the leaf puncture assay, none of the compounds was found to be active. Crypticin C and papuline were active in the tomato cutting assay. Additionally, crypticin C displayed moderate inhibitory effect against Phytophthora cambivora.