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Phylogenetic and Biochemical Analyses of Mycobacterial l,d-Transpeptidases Reveal a Distinct Enzyme Class That Is Preferentially Acylated by Meropenem

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journal contribution
posted on 14.10.2019, 14:03 by Trevor A. Zandi, Robert L. Marshburn, Paige K. Stateler, Leighanne A. Brammer Basta
The genomes of diverse mycobacterial species encode multiple proteins with the canonical l,d-transpeptidase (Ldt) sequence motif. The reason for this apparent redundancy is not well understood, but evidence suggests paralogous Ldts may serve niche roles in maintaining and/or remodeling mycobacterial peptidoglycan. We examined 323 mycobacterial Ldts and determined these enzymes cluster into six clades. We identified a variably represented yet distinct Ldt class (class 6) containing Mycobacterium smegmatis (Msm) LdtF and built a homology model of Msm LdtF toward elucidating class 6 structural and functional differences. We report class 6 Ldts have structurally divergent catalytic domains containing a 10-residue insertion near the active site and additionally determined that meropenem preferentially acylates LdtF. Our data demonstrate an evolutionary basis for mycobacterial Ldt multiplicity that lends support to the idea that paralogous Ldts serve nonredundant roles in vivo and suggests class 6 Ldts can be selectively targeted by specific carbapenem antibiotics.