American Chemical Society
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Photothermal Reshaping of One-Dimensional Plasmonic Polymers: From Colloidal Dispersion to Living Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-03-25, 19:46 authored by Dorothy Bardhan, Hirak Chatterjee, Debarun Sen, Mahuya Sengupta, Sujit Kumar Ghosh
Cellular internalization of plasmonic metal nanostructured materials has recently become a requisite for biomedical engineering of several intracellular processes that could foster an extensive paradigm to perform desired functions in the living cells. While numerous anisotropic metal nanostructures can be employed to pursue the specific functions, their incorporation becomes restricted due to morphological specificity to be engulfed in the cells. Due to recent advent in the self-assembly strategies, individual gold nanospheres could be interdigitated to one-dimensional plasmonic polymers and undergo subsequent laser-induced photothermal reshaping to rod-like nanostructures. The salient feature of biological significance is merely the variation of particle size within the polymers that engenders a dramatic impact on the radiative and nonradiative properties expressed in the scale of Faraday number (Fa) and Joule number (J0), respectively, as a function of the aspect ratio (α) of the nanorods. The effect on the nonradiative properties augments designing of nanoscale thermometry essential for photothermal applications in living cells. The conception of the colloidal dispersion has been extended to the cellular environment in a mice model; the selective accumulation of the nanostructures in the cells could provide an invading relationship between plasmonic characteristics, temperature distribution, and the biological issues. The critical correlation between optical and thermal characteristics toward biomedical manipulation from both theoretical and experimental perspectives could augment a milestone toward the progress of modern medical sciences.