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Photothermal-Controlled Generation of Alkyl Radical from Organic Nanoparticles for Tumor Treatment

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journal contribution
posted on 21.01.2019, 00:00 authored by Rui Xia, Xiaohua Zheng, Xiuli Hu, Shi Liu, Zhigang Xie
The therapeutic properties of light are well known for photodynamic or photothermal therapy, which could cause irreversible photodamage to tumor tissues. Although photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been proved in the clinic, the efficacy is not satisfactory because of complicated tumor microenvironments. For example, the hypoxia in solid tumor has a negative effect on the generation of singlet oxygen. To address the hypoxia issues in PDT, leveraging alkyl radical is an available option due to the oxygen-independent feature. In this work, a new kind of organic nanoparticles (tripolyphosphate (TPP)-NN NPs) from porphyrin and radical initiator is developed. Under near-infrared light irradiation, TPP-NN NPs will split and release alkyl radical, which could induce obvious cytotoxicity both in normal and hypoxia environment. The photothermal-controlled generation of alkyl radical could significantly inhibit the growth of cervical cancer and show ignorable systemic toxicity. This activatable radical therapy opens up new possibilities for the application of PDT in hypoxia condition.