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Photoresponsive DNA Monolayer Prepared by Primer Extension Reaction on the Electrode

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journal contribution
posted on 2015-04-07, 00:00 authored by Tadao Takada, Mai Takemura, Yuta Kawano, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Kazushige Yamana
We describe a simple and convenient method for the preparation of photoresponsive DNA-modified electrodes using primer extension (PEX) reactions. A naphthalimide derivative was used as the photosensitizer that was attached to the C5-position of 2′-deoxyuridine-5′-triphosphate (dUTPNI). It has been found that dUTPNI is a good substrate for the PEX reactions using KOD Dash and Vent (exo-) enzymes in solutions to incorporate naphthalimide (NI) moieties into the DNA sequences. On the electrode surface immobilized with the primer/template DNA, the PEX reactions to incorporate dUTPNI molecules into the DNA sequence were found to efficiently proceed. With this solid-phase method, the DNA monolayers capable of generating photocurrent due to the photoresponsive NI molecule can be constructed. It was shown that the photocurrent generation was significantly suppressed by a single-nucleotide mismatch included in the primer/template DNA, which is applicable for the design of photoelectrochemical sensors to discriminate single-nucleotide sequences.

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