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Photoreaction at 5‘-(G/C)AABrUT-3‘ Sequence in Duplex DNA:  Efficent Generation of Uracil-5-yl Radical by Charge Transfer

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journal contribution
posted on 04.07.2007, 00:00 by Takayoshi Watanabe, Ryu Tashiro, Hiroshi Sugiyama
The photoreactivities of 5-halouracil-containing DNA have widely been used for analysis of protein−DNA interactions and have recently been used for probing charge-transfer processes along DNA. Despite such practical usefulness, the detailed mechanisms of the photochemistry of 5-halouracil-containing DNA are not well understood. We recently discovered that photoirradiation of BrU-substituted DNA efficiently produced 2‘-deoxyribonolactone at 5‘-(G/C)AABrUBrU-3‘ and 5‘-(G/C)ABrUBrU-3‘ sequences in duplex DNA. Using synthetic oligonucleotides, we found that similar photoreactivities were maintained at the 5‘-(G/C)AABrUT-3‘ sequence, providing ribonolactone as a major product with concomitant release of adenine base. In this paper, the photoreactivities of various oligonucleotides possessing the 5‘-BrUT-3‘ sequence were examined to elucidate the essential factors of this photoreaction. HPLC product analysis indicated that the yield of 2‘-deoxyribonolactone largely depends on the ionization potential of the purine derivatives located 5‘-upstream of 5‘-BrUT-3‘, as well as the electron-donating ability of their pairing cytosine derivatives. Oligonucleotides that possess G in the complementary strand provided the ribonolactone with almost the same efficiency. These results clearly suggest that the photoinduced charge transfer from the G-5‘ upstream of 5‘-BrUT-3‘ sequence, in the same strand and the complementary strand, initiates the reaction. To examine the role of intervening A/T base pair(s) between the G/C and the 5‘-BrUT-3‘ sequence, the photoreactivities of a series of oligonucleotides with different numbers of intervening A/T base pairs were examined. The results revealed that the hotspot sequence consists of the electron-donating G/C base pair, the 5‘-BrUT-3‘ sequence as an acceptor, and an appropriate number of A/T base pairs as a bridge for the charge-transfer process.