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Photophysics of Phenylpyrrole Derivatives and Their Acetonitrile Clusters in the Gas Phase and in Argon Matrixes:  Simulations of Structure and Reactivity

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journal contribution
posted on 2005-05-05, 00:00 authored by D. Schweke, Y. Haas, Bernhard Dick
Recent experiments on the dual fluorescence of phenylpyrrole (PP) and pyrrolobenzonitrile (PBN) in supersonic jets and in cryogenic matrixes are analyzed. The structures of the 1:1 clusters are calculated using ab initio, density functional theory (DFT) and molecular mechanics (MM) methods. In these calculations, the structures of PP and PBN in the ground state and in two possible minima on the charge-transfer excited state are taken from a recent theoretical analysis. The structures of PP and PBN clusters with a larger number of acetonitrile molecules are also calculated using the molecular mechanics method. It is shown that the fact that small PP:AN and PBN:AN clusters do not exhibit any charge-transfer (CT) type emission, whereas for PBN:ANn clusters (n ≥ 4) CT emission is observed, can be understood on the basis of the calculated structures. The trapping of PP and of PBN in an argon matrix (neat and doped with acetonitrile) is simulated by a molecular dynamics procedure. The observation of locally excited (LE) fluorescence only from PP in neat argon, whereas from argon-trapped PBN both CT and LE emission bands are observed, is readily understood on the basis of these simulations. Moreover, the appearance of CT emission from PP-doped argon matrixes when acetonitrile is added is also explained, as well as the relatively small spectral shift observed upon addition of acetonitrile to PBN-doped argon matrixes.