Photophysical Properties of Ruthenium(II) Tris(2,2‘-bipyridine) Complexes Bearing Conjugated Thiophene Appendages
journal contributionposted on 27.11.2006, 00:00 by Anthony Harriman, Guillaume Izzet, Sébastien Goeb, Antoinette De Nicola, Raymond Ziessel
A small series of ruthenium(II) tris(2,2‘-bipyridine) complexes has been synthesized in which ethynylated thiophene residues are attached to one of the 2,2‘-bipyridine ligands. The photophysical properties depend on the conjugation length of the thiophene-based ligand, and in each case, dual emission is observed. The two emitting states reside in thermal equilibrium at ambient temperature and can be resolved by emission spectral curve-fitting routines. This allows the properties of the two states to be evaluated in both fluid butyronitrile solution and a transparent KBr disk. It is concluded that both emitting states are of metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) character, and despite the presence of conjugated thiophene residues, there is no indication for a low-lying π,π*-triplet state that promotes nonradiative decay of the excited-state manifold. A key feature of these systems is that the conjugation length imposed by the thiophene-based ligand helps to control the rate constants for both radiative and nonradiative decay from the two MLCT triplet states.