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Photolysis of CF3CH2CHO in the Presence of O2 at 248 and 266 nm: Quantum Yields, Products, and Mechanism

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journal contribution
posted on 17.10.2013, 00:00 by M. Antiñolo, C. Bettinelli, C. Jain, P. Dréan, B. Lemoine, J. Albaladejo, E. Jiménez, C. Fittschen
Three different detection techniques, coupled to pulsed laser photolysis (PLP), have been employed to determine the quantum yields of CF3CH2CHO at 248 and 266 nm: CF3CH2CHO + hν → CF3CH2 + HCO (R1a), CF3CH2CHO + hν → CF3CH3 + CO (R1b), and CF3CH2CHO + hν → CF3CH2O + H (R1c). (a) In the presence of air, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was employed at a total pressure of 760 Torr to monitor and quantify the loss of CF3CH2CHO at both wavelengths as well as the build-up of formed products (CO, CF3CH3, CF3CHO, and CF3CH2OH) after various laser pulses. Cyclohexane was added as OH-scavenger in most experiments. CF3CH3 was observed and quantified at both wavelengths, confirming that channel R1b is occurring. Small amounts of HCOOH and COF2 were also detected. (b) Time-resolved cw-cavity ring down spectroscopy (cw-CRDS) at 40 Torr He coupled to photolysis at 248 nm was employed for the detection of HO2 radicals. Varying the O2 concentration allows distinguishing the origin of the HO2 radicals from either R1a or R1c. OH radicals were simultaneously detected by laser-induced fluorescence. (c) Time-resolved tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) at 30 Torr N2 coupled to photolysis at 266 nm was employed for the determination of the quantum yields of CO. By varying the O2 concentration, a distinction can be achieved between the yields of prompt CO R1b or decomposition of highly excited CF3CH2CO from R1c and HCO radicals R1a. Channel R1a has been identified as the major reaction path. The overall quantum yield, Φλ(CF3CH2CHO), at 248 nm was found as Φ248nm = (0.76 ± 0.14) and (0.73 ± 0.20) from cw-CRDS and FTIR experiments, respectively. At 266 nm, the overall quantum yield was found as Φ266nm = (0.55 ± 0.10) and (0.47 ± 0.10) from TDLAS and FTIR experiments, respectively.