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Photocurrent Generation in Organic Photodetectors with Tailor-Made Active Layers Fabricated by Layer-by-Layer Deposition

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journal contribution
posted on 08.04.2015, 00:00 by Benjamin Vonhoeren, Simon Dalgleish, Laigui Hu, Michio M. Matsushita, Kunio Awaga, Bart Jan Ravoo
Photodetectors supply an electric response when illuminated. The detectors in this study consist of an active layer and a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) blocking layer, which are sandwiched by an aluminum and an indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode. The active layer was prepared of Zn porphyrins and assembled by covalent layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition. Layer growth was monitored by UV–vis absorbance, ellipsometry, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Upon exposure to chopped light, the detectors show an alternating transient photocurrent, which is limited by the accumulation of space charges at the blocking layer/active layer interface. We could show that the number of photoactive layers has a significant impact on device performance. The fastest response was achieved with fewer layers. The highest photocurrents were measured for detectors with an intermediate number of layers, beyond which, more layers did not lead to an increase in the photocurrent despite containing more active material.