American Chemical Society
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Photochemically-Assisted Synthesis of Birnessite Nanosheets and Their Structural Alteration in the Presence of Pyrophosphate

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-10-06, 00:00 authored by Haesung Jung, Tandeep S. Chadha, Yujia Min, Pratim Biswas, Young-Shin Jun
Recent findings have showed the environmental abundance of soluble Mn­(III)-complexes (e.g., Mn-siderophore and Mn­(III)-pyrophosphate (Mn­(III)-PP)). Specifically, Mn­(III)-PP is of emerging interest in understanding Mn redox cycling and phosphorus cycling in catalysis and environmental systems. Curiously, however, further oxidation of Mn­(III)-PP and consequent formation of a MnO2 solid phase have not been considered yet. Here, using photochemically-assisted fast oxidation of Mn2+ (aq) by the reaction with superoxide, generated from nitrate photolysis, we report the role of PP in formation of disordered δ-MnO2 nanosheets and changes in their stacking and structures. With increasing PP concentrations from 0.3 to 2 mM, δ-MnO2 nanosheets showed better stacking (thicker) layers and an alteration from hexagonal to orthogonal structure (more Mn­(III) in layers). We found that the amount of Mn­(III)-PP complex and the formation rate of δ-MnO2 nanosheets under the different PP concentrations affected both their layer structures and stacking behaviors. These findings open a new possibility of using photochemically-assisted green chemistry to control the properties of disordered δ-MnO2 birnessite nanosheets for use in more effective catalytic reactions, such as water oxidation, and suggest the importance of Mn­(III)-PP complexes for the formation of δ-MnO2 nanosheets in nature.