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Photochemical Patterning of a Self-Assembled Monolayer of 7-Diazomethylcarbonyl-2,4,9-trithiaadmantane on Gold Films via Wolff Rearrangement

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journal contribution
posted on 08.06.2004, 00:00 by Jun Hu, Yubiao Liu, Chalermchai Khemtong, Jouliana M. El Khoury, Timothy J. McAfoos, Ian S. Taschner
Photolithographic attachment of functional organic molecules via ester or amide linkages to self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on gold thin films was achieved by employing a novel photoreactive surface anchor, 7-diazomethylcarbonyl-2,4,9-trithiaadmantane. The photoreactive SAM was prepared by the spontaneous physical adsorption of the photoreactive surface anchor onto gold surfaces. The α-diazo ketone moiety of the SAM was found to display the classical Wolff rearrangement reactivity to produce a ketene intermediate on the exposed area. Organic molecules such as alcohols and amines can thus be attached to the gold surfaces selectively by the facile in situ formation of ester or amide linkages. The structure and reactivity of the photoreactive surface anchor were characterized by real-time FT-IR, fluorescence, and polarization modulation infrared reflectance absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS). The Wolff rearrangement reactivity of the SAM suggested that a “surface-isolated” carbonylcarbene may be generated when the SAM was exposed to 255-nm irradiation.