American Chemical Society
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Photo- and Electrocatalytic Reduction of CO2 over Metal–Organic Frameworks and Their Derived Oxides: A Correlation of the Reaction Mechanism with the Electronic Structure

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-01-27, 20:03 authored by Soumitra Payra, Subhasmita Ray, Ruchi Sharma, Kartick Tarafder, Paritosh Mohanty, Sounak Roy
A Ce/Ti-based bimetallic 2-aminoterephthalate metal–organic framework (MOF) was synthesized and evaluated for photocatalytic reduction of CO2 in comparison with an isoreticular pristine monometallic Ce-terephthalate MOF. Owing to highly selective CO2 adsorption capability, optimized band gaps, higher flux of photogenerated electron–hole pairs, and a lower rate of recombination, this material exhibited better photocatalytic reduction of CO2 and lower hydrogen evolution compared to Ce-terephthalate. Thorough probing of the surface and electronic structure inferred that the reducibility of Ce4+ to Ce3+ was due to the introduction of an amine functional group into the linker, and low-lying Ti­(3d) orbitals in Ce/Ti-2-aminoterephthalate facilitated the photoreduction reaction. Both the MOFs were calcined to their respective oxides of Ce1–xTixO2 and CeO2, and the electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 was performed over the oxidic materials. In contrast to the photocatalytic reaction mechanism, the lattice substitution of Ti in the CeO2 fluorite cubic structure showed a better hydrogen evolution reaction and consequently, poorer electroreduction of CO2 compared to pristine CeO2. Density functional theory calculations of the competitive hydrogen evolution reaction on the MOF and the oxide surfaces corroborated the experimental findings.