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Photo-Induced Charge Transfer of Fullerene and Non-Fullerene Conjugated Polymer Blends via Ab Initio Excited-State Dynamics

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posted on 2022-07-14, 15:06 authored by Amirhadi Alesadi, Wenjie Xia, Dmitri Kilin
Organic conjugated polymers (CPs) are promising candidates for organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices due to their unique tunable mechanical and optoelectronic performance. Over the last decade, optoelectronic properties of narrow band gap CPs as a blend with acceptor units are largely optimized, which leads to noticeable progress in OPV technology. However, their power conversion efficiency is still lower than their organic counterparts (i.e., silicon), limiting their practical usage. In this study, we employ ab initio molecular dynamics to explore photo-induced charge transfer (CT) of the diketopyrrolopyrrole-based polymer as a blend with non-fullerene (i.e., ITIC) and fullerene (i.e., PCBM) acceptor units. The results of charge carrier dynamics induced by selected photoexcitation show that hole density redistribution in space is much faster than electron relaxation. We track the relaxation rates of charge carriers over time, where the derivative of the difference between the rate of electron and hole implies the current density at zero voltage. This can be utilized to characterize the CT performance of CPs blended with different acceptor units. Relaxation rate results indicate that CP blend with ITIC promises a better PV performance, illustrating that the current computational approach opens the door to determine bulk heterojunctions’ electronic performance for OPV devices and narrowing down the list of potential donor–acceptor candidates.

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