Phosphorescent Tetradentate Platinum(II) Complexes Containing Fused 6/5/5 or 6/5/6 Metallocycles
journal contributionposted on 26.11.2020, 10:13 by Guijie Li, Gang Shen, Xiaoli Fang, Yun-Fang Yang, Feng Zhan, Jianbing Zheng, Weiwei Lou, Qisheng Zhang, Yuanbin She
A series of phenylpyridine (ppy)-based 6/5/5 N*C^N^O and biphenyl (bp)-based 6/5/6 N*C^C*N Pt(II) complexes employing tetradentate ligands with nitrogen or oxygen atoms as bridging groups have been developed. Ligand structural modifications have great influences on the electrochemical, photophysical, and excited-state properties, as well as photostabilities of the Pt(II) complexes, which were systematically studied by experimental and theoretical investigations. The time-dependent density functional theory calculations and natural transition orbital analyses reveal that Pt(bp-6), Pt(bp-7), and Pt(bp-8) have dominant ligand-centered (3LC) mixed with small metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (3MLCT) characters in T1 states, resulting in relatively low quantum efficiencies (ΦPL) of 5–33% and 12–32% in dichloromethane solution and PMMA film, respectively. By contrast, Pt(ppy-1) possesses much more 3MLCT character in the T1 state, enabling a high ΦPL of 95% in dichloromethane and 90% in DPEPO film, and large radiative decay rates. The strength of the Pt–N1 coordination bond plays a critical role in the photostability. Pt(ppy-1)- and Pt(bp-6)-doped polystyrene films demonstrate long photostability lifetimes of 150 min for LT97 and LT98.5, respectively. A Pt(ppy-1)-based green OLED using 26mCPy as host realized a peak EQE of 18.5%, which still maintained an EQE of 10.4% at 1000 cd/m2, and an Lmax of over 40 000 cd/m2 was achieved. This study should provide a valuable reference for the further development of efficient and stable phosphorescent Pt(II) complexes.
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DPEPO filmT 1 statesoxygen atomsOLEDtetradentate ligandsL max26 mCPyPMMA filmPttheory calculations40 000metal-to-ligand charge-transfer150 minbpLT 97photostability lifetimesppytime-dependent densityexcited-state propertiesLT 98.5dichloromethane solution3 MLCT characterradiative decay ratespeak EQEpolystyrene films3 LC3 MLCTΦ PLT 1 state