Phonon-Assisted Exciton Transfer into Silicon Using Nanoemitters: The Role of Phonons and Temperature Effects in Förster Resonance Energy Transfer
journal contributionposted on 23.12.2013, 00:00 by Aydan Yeltik, Burak Guzelturk, Pedro Ludwig Hernandez-Martinez, Alexander O. Govorov, Hilmi Volkan Demir
We study phonon-assisted Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) into an indirect band-gap semiconductor using nanoemitters. The unusual temperature dependence of this energy transfer, which is measured using the donor nanoemitters of quantum dot (QD) layers integrated on the acceptor monocrystalline bulk silicon as a model system, is predicted by a phonon-assisted exciton transfer model proposed here. The model includes the phonon-mediated optical properties of silicon, while considering the contribution from the multimonolayer-equivalent QD film to the nonradiative energy transfer, which is derived with a d–3 distance dependence. The FRET efficiencies are experimentally observed to decrease at cryogenic temperatures, which are well explained by the model considering the phonon depopulation in the indirect band-gap acceptor together with the changes in the quantum yield of the donor. These understandings will be crucial for designing FRET-enabled sensitization of silicon based high-efficiency excitonic systems using nanoemitters.