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Peritoneal Macrophage-Specific TNF‑α Gene Silencing in LPS-Induced Acute Inflammation Model Using CD44 Targeting Hyaluronic Acid Nanoparticles

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journal contribution
posted on 23.08.2016, 00:00 by Verbena Y. Kosovrasti, Lubomir V. Nechev, Mansoor M. Amiji
The main goal of this study was to evaluate tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) gene silencing in peritoneal macrophages upon activation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), using CD44-targeting hyaluronic acid (HA)-based nanoparticles encapsulating TNF-α-specific small interfering RNA (siTNF-α). HA nanoparticles were formulated by blending hyaluronic acid-poly­(ethylene imine) (HA-PEI), hyaluronic acid-hexyl fatty acid (HA-C6), and hyaluronic acid-poly­(ethylene glycol) (HA-PEG) in 3:2:1 weight ratio, and encapsulating siTNF-α to form spherical particles of 78–90 nm diameter. Following intraperitoneal (IP) administration in LPS-treated C57BL/6 mice, the nanoparticles were actively taken up by macrophages and led to a significant downregulation of peritoneal TNF-α level. Downregulation of peritoneal macrophage-specific TNF-α also had a significant impact on other pro-inflammatory cytokine and chemokine levels in the serum. The C57BL/6 group of mice challenged with 5 mg/kg LPS had a significantly higher survival rate when they were treated with 3 mg/kg siTNF-α, either prior or simultaneously with the LPS administration, as compared to the LPS-challenged mice, which were treated with controls including the scrambled siRNA formulation. Overall, the results of this study demonstrate that CD44 targeting HA nanoparticles can selectively deliver siTNF-α to peritoneal macrophages leading to downregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the peritoneal fluid and in the serum. This RNAi strategy could potentially provide an important therapeutic modality for acute inflammatory diseases, such as septic shock.

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