American Chemical Society
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Performance Enhancement of Organic Solar Cells by Adding a Liquid Crystalline Molecule in Cathode and Anode Interlayers

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-07-20, 15:15 authored by Mengqi Cui, Na Li, Yuying Wang, Yuting Li, Xia Tian, Xingchen Zhang, Wenting Wang, Zhongmin Liu, Qikun Rong, Xingsen Gao, Guofu Zhou, Li Nian
In this study, an effective and simple approach for optimizing the performance of both cathode and anode interlayers in OSCs is demonstrated using 4-heptyl-4′-cyanobiphenyl (7CB) to dope a classic cathode (ZnO and SnO2) or an anode interlayer [poly­(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly­(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS)]. Because of the enhanced light absorption, improved physical contact between a photoactive layer and an interlayer, and increased carrier recombination, all of the devices based on a 7CB-doped interlayer show increased short-circuit current density (Jsc), fill factor (FF), and power conversion efficiency (PCE) compared to the corresponding undoped interlayer, regardless it is the anode interlayer or the cathode interlayer, which is a rare phenomenon in the interlayer modification field.