American Chemical Society
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Pb@Pb8 Basket-like-Cluster-Based Lead Tellurate–Nitrate Kleinman-Forbidden Nonlinear-Optical Crystal: Pb9Te2O13(OH)(NO3)3

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-06-23, 20:13 authored by Yi-Gang Chen, Nan Yang, Xing-Xing Jiang, Yao Guo, Xian-Ming Zhang
The first lead tellurate–nitrate nonlinear-optical (NLO) crystal, Pb9Te2O13(OH)­(NO3)3, featuring a 3D anionic diamondlike toplogical structural motif formulated as [Pb9O13]8– constructed by unique nonanuclear basket-shaped Pb@Pb8O14 clusters has been hydrothermally achieved, in which the Pb@Pb8O14 cluster shows a core–shell structure with one PbO10 polyhedron enclosed by eight PbOx (x = 3 and 4) polyhedera via edge and face sharing. The hexavalent Te in TeO5(OH) octahedra is linked to a [Pb9O13]8– cluster to form a rare [Pb9Te2O13(OH)]3+ cationic framework. The compound demonstrates a powder second-harmonic-generation (SHG) response of about 1.2 times that of KH2PO4 (KDP) as well as a wide transparency range. Calculations on the local dipole moment and SHG coefficient reveal that the net polarization is zero because of a Kleinman-forbidden point group. Further analysis shows that the SHG response results from structure-induced variations by thermal vibrations of the lattice rather than the intrinsic dipole moment, which offers another insight on the design of new NLO materials.