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Particle-Assisted Ion-Imprinted Cryogels for Selective CdII Ion Removal

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journal contribution
posted on 18.02.2015, 00:00 authored by Bekir Tabaklı, Aykut Arif Topçu, Serhat Döker, Lokman Uzun
Herein, we have reported particle-assisted ion-imprinted cryogels, which were synthesized by embedding finely crushed functional particles into cryogel structure under semifrozen conditions. These cryogels showed high adsorption efficiency and affinity against CdII ions. CdII adsorption performances were evaluated by varying some effective factors. In order to analyze the data, we applied Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms while using three different kinetic models, pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and Weber–Morris as well. Also, the dimensionless equilibrium parameter (RL), initial adsorption rate, and half-adsorption time were calculated. The results revealed that ion-imprinted-polymer (IIP) cryogels have homogeneously distributed cavities, which were formed by a particle-assisted imprinting process, and the theoretical maximum adsorption capacity (Qmax, 35.97 μg/g) was very close to the experimental value (Qeq, 32.15 μg/g). In addition, RL values for both IIP and nonimprinted-polymer cryogels showed favorability of the adsorption process, while kinetic models indicated that there were no diffusion limitations during the adsorption process, which means that the rate-limiting step was chemosorption of heavy-metal ions on binding sites (imprinted cavities or functional groups) with a high initial adsorption rate and a low half-adsorption time. Desorption, reusability, and selectivity studies were also conducted to state the performance of the cryogels. In conclusion, this promising approach provides a novel methodology for selective CdII removal from water sources.