Parametrization of Trivalent and Tetravalent Metal Ions for the OPC3, OPC, TIP3P-FB, and TIP4P-FB Water Models
journal contributionposted on 01.04.2021, 23:53 by Zhen Li, Lin Frank Song, Pengfei Li, Kenneth M. Merz
Commonly seen in rare-earth chemistry and materials science, highly charged metal ions play key roles in many chemical processes. Computer simulations have become an important tool for scientific research nowadays. Meaningful simulations require reliable parameters. In the present work, we parametrized 18 M(III) and 6 M(IV) metal ions for four new water models (OPC3, OPC, TIP3P-FB, TIP4P-FB) in conjunction with each of the 12-6 and 12-6-4 nonbonded models. Similar to what was observed previously, issues with the 12-6 model can be fixed by using the 12-6-4 model. Moreover, the four new water models showed comparable performance or considerable improvement over the previous water models (TIP3P, SPC/E, and TIP4PEW) in the same category (3-point or 4-point water models, respectively). Finally, we reported a study of a metalloprotein system demonstrating the capability of the 12-6-4 model to model metalloproteins. The reported parameters will facilitate accurate simulations of highly charged metal ions in aqueous solution.