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Parallelized Raman Difference Spectroscopy for the Investigation of Chemical Interactions

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-07-13, 00:03 authored by Sebastian Wolf, Robert Domes, Andreas Merian, Christian Domes, Torsten Frosch
Raman spectroscopy provides an extremely high chemical selectivity. Raman difference spectroscopy is a technique to reveal even the smallest differences that occur due to weak interactions between substances and changes in the molecular structure. To enable parallelized and highly sensitive Raman difference spectroscopy in a microtiter-array, a diffractive optical element, a lens array, and a fiber bundle were integrated into a Raman spectroscopy setup in a unique fashion. The setup was evaluated with a microtiter-array containing pyridine–water complexes, and subwavenumber changes below the spectrometer’s resolution could be resolved. The spectral changes were emphasized with two-dimensional correlation analysis. Density functional theory calculation and “atoms in molecule” analysis were performed to simulate the intermolecular long-range interactions between water and pyridine molecules and to get insight into the involved noncovalent interactions, respectively. It was found that by the addition of pyridine, the energy portion of hydrogen bonds to the total complexation energy between pyridine and water reduces. These results demonstrate the unique abilities of the new setup to investigate subtle changes due to biochemically important molecular interactions and opens new avenues to perform drug binding assays and to monitor highly parallelized chemical reactions.

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