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Paper Electrode-Based Flexible Pressure Sensor for Point-of-Care Immunoassay with Digital Multimeter

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journal contribution
posted on 20.12.2018, 00:00 by Zhenzhong Yu, Yun Tang, Guoneng Cai, Rongrong Ren, Dianping Tang
A novel paper electrode-based flexible pressure sensor modified with multiwalled carbon nanotubes was designed for point-of-care (POC) immunoassay of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) with digital multimeter readout. The portable POC testing device consisted of flexible pressure sensor equipped with a paper electrode and connected through syringe tubing to a single-break microplate. The immunoreaction was initially carried out on the microplate with a sandwich-type assay format using platinum nanozyme-labeled secondary antibody for the gas generation. Upon addition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), platinum nanozyme (catalase-like mimic) reduced it into hydrogen oxide and oxygen (O2). The overflowing oxygen gas increased the pressure of the multiwalled carbon nanotube-functionalized paper electrode in a homemade pressure-tight system, and the increased pressure could be readily monitored using the paper electrode-based flexible pressure-tight sensor with a digital multimeter readout. The detectable signal mainly derived from the resistance change of pressure sensor because of its deformation with the assistance of the as-generated gas, and the shift in the resistance could be allowed to detect the gas pressure even as low as 80 Pa. Under optimum conditions, pressure sensor-based immunoassay exhibited good resistance responses toward target CEA within a linear range of 0.5–60 ng/mL at a detection limit of 167 pg/mL. Moreover, our strategy provided acceptable reproducibility, precision, high specificity, and good accordance with the commercial CEA ELISA kit for detecting human serum specimens.