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Paper-Based Bipolar Electrode Electrochemiluminescence Platform for Detection of Multiple miRNAs

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journal contribution
posted on 28.12.2020, 15:33 by Fangfang Wang, Yunqing Liu, Cuiping Fu, Na Li, Miao Du, Lina Zhang, Shenguang Ge, Jinghua Yu
This paper introduces a novel potential-resolved paper-based biosensor for simultaneous detection of multiple microRNAs (miRNAs) (taking miRNA-155 and miRNA-126 as examples) based on the bipolar electrode (BPE) electrochemiluminescence (ECL) strategy. The proposed multiple-channel paper-based sensing microfluidic platform was prepared by wax-printing technology, screen-printing method, and in situ Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) growth to form hydrophilic areas, hydrophobic boundaries, waterproof electronic bridge, driving electrode regions, and parallel bipolar electrode regions. CdTe quantum dots (QDs)-H2 and Au@g-C3N4 nanosheets (NSs)-DNA1 were used as dual electrochemiluminescence signal probes, and carboxylated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles existed as carriers. CdTe QDs-H2/S2O82– and Au@g-C3N4 NSs-DNA1/S2O82– could exhibit two strong and stable ECL emissions at a drive voltage of 9 and 12 V, respectively, which can be used as effective potential-resolved signal tags. In addition, the proposed three-dimensional (3D) DNA nanomachine model and the target miRNA cycle strategy were used to achieve double amplification of electrochemiluminescence intensity. More importantly, the combination of the bipolar electrode system and the potential-resolved multitarget electrochemiluminescence method can greatly reduce the spatial interference between substances. The prepared ECL biosensor showed a favorable linear response for the detection of miRNA-155 and miRNA-126 with relatively low detection limits of 5.7 and 4.2 fM, respectively. With excellent sensitivity, the strategy may provide an efficient method for clinical application, especially in detection of trace multiple targets.