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Oxygen- and Water-Induced Energetics Degradation in Organometal Halide Perovskites

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journal contribution
posted on 13.04.2018, 00:00 by Jianming Yang, Zhongcheng Yuan, Xianjie Liu, Slawomir Braun, Yanqing Li, Jianxin Tang, Feng Gao, Chungang Duan, Mats Fahlman, Qinye Bao
Organometal halide perovskites are under rapid development, and significant focus has been placed on their stability that currently presents a major obstacle for practical application. Energetics plays a vital role in charge injection/extraction and transport properties in devices. Here, we in situ investigate oxygen- and water-induced energetics degradation in organometal halide perovskite films. Oxygen gas induces an upward shift of the vacuum level of the perovskite films because of the formation of an oxygen-induced surface dipole, water vapor causes a significant vacuum-level downshift, and the valence band binding energy referenced to the Fermi level simultaneously increases so as to keep the ionization potential of the perovskite films unchanged. Moreover, the chemical compositions, crystalline structures, surface morphologies, and dynamical properties also are monitored and analyzed in detail. These results are indispensable to understand the degradation mechanisms and to perform the optimizations of stable materials and devices in the future.