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Over 800 nm Emission via Harvesting of Triplet Excitons in Exciplex Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

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journal contribution
posted on 24.06.2021, 14:13 by Xue-Qi Wang, Yun Hu, You-Jun Yu, Qi-Sheng Tian, Wan-Shan Shen, Wan-Ying Yang, Zuo-Quan Jiang, Liang-Sheng Liao
Triplet excitons can be utilized upon introduction of phosphors into exciplexes, and such a scenario has been studied in the development of high-performance near-infrared (NIR) organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). To generate exciplexes in an emitting layer (EML) in the device, commercially available phosphors bis­(2-phenylpyridinato-N,C2′)­iridium­(acetylacetonate) [Ir­(ppy)2acac] and iridium­(III) bis­(4-phenylthieno­[3,2-c]­pyridinato-N,C2′)­acetylacetonate (PO-01) were selected as donor components; in addition, a new designed fluorescent molecule, 3-([1,1′:3′,1″-terphenyl]-5′-yl)­acenaphtho­[1,2-b]­quinoxaline-9,10-dicarbonitrile (AQDC-tPh), and recently reported 3-([1,1′:3′,1″-terphenyl]-5′-yl)­acenaphtho­[1,2-b]­pyrazine-8,9-dicarbonitrile (APDC-tPh) were selected as acceptor components. An OLED with PO-01:AQDC-tPh blends as the EML has realized NIR emission at 750 nm and a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of >0.23%. Furthermore, an OLED containing a PO-01:APDC-tPh blend realizes a maximum EQE of 0.16% at 824 nm. The high performance of these devices underlying phosphor-based exciplexes proves the potential and feasibility of our strategy for the construction of efficient NIR OLEDs.