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Origin of Ultrafast Excited State Dynamics of 1-Nitropyrene

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journal contribution
posted on 06.10.2011, 00:00 by Sushant Murudkar, Aruna K. Mora, Prabhat K. Singh, Sukhendu Nath
Time-resolved emission measurements in subpicosecond time domain have been carried out for 1-nitropyrene in different solvents to understand the mechanism for the observed ultrafast decay of its first excited singlet state. Excited-state dynamics of 1-nitropyrene is found to be independent of the solvent viscosity. This result contradicts the proposition in the literature (J. Phys. Chem. A 2007, 111, 552) that the ultrafast decay in 1-nitropyrene is due to the large amplitude torsional motion of the nitro group around the pyrene moiety. Excited-state dynamics of 1-nitropyrene in solvents with different dielectric constants shows that excited-state lifetime suddenly increases after a certain value of the dielectric constant. Detailed quantum chemical calculations have been carried out to understand the process that is responsible for the observed effect of the dielectric constant on the excited-state dynamics of 1-nitropyrene. It is seen that the excited-state lifetime and the singlet–triplet energy gap follow similar variation with the dielectric constant of the medium. Such a correlation between the excited-state lifetime and the singlet–triplet energy gap supports the fact that the observed ultrafast decay for 1-nitropyrene is due to an efficient intersystem crossing rather than to the torsional motion of the nitro group as proposed in the literature.