Origin of Chiral Induction in Radical Reactions with the Diastereoisomers (5R)- and (5S)-5-l-Menthyloxyfuran-2[5H]-one
journal contributionposted on 05.03.2004, 00:00 by Siniša Marinković, Cédric Brulé, Norbert Hoffmann, Elise Prost, Jean-Marc Nuzillard, Véronique Bulach
Acetalization of 5-hydroxyfuran-2[5H]-one with l-menthol yields (5R)- (1) and (5S)-5-l-menthyloxyfuran-2[5H]-one (2) in equal amounts. The diastereomer 1 crystallizes preferentially. For the first time, the isolation of pure diastereoisomer 2 is reported. Different diastereoselectivities were observed in the radical tandem reaction of 1 and 2 with N,N-dimethylaniline. The privileged conformations in solution of the substrates and the products of the radical reaction were then determined, and X-ray crystal structure analyses were carried out on the reaction products. The different stereoselectivities in both cases are explained by different orientations of the menthyloxy substituent.