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Organocatalytic Functionalization of Carboxylic Acids: Isothiourea-Catalyzed Asymmetric Intra- and Intermolecular Michael Addition−Lactonizations

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journal contribution
posted on 02.03.2011, 00:00 by Dorine Belmessieri, Louis C. Morrill, Carmen Simal, Alexandra M. Z. Slawin, Andrew D. Smith
Tetramisole promotes the catalytic asymmetric intramolecular Michael addition−lactonization of a variety of enone acids, giving carbo- and heterocyclic products with high diastereo- and enantiocontrol (up to 99:1 dr, up to 99% ee) that are readily derivatized to afford functionalized indene and dihydrobenzofuran carboxylates. Chiral isothioureas also promote the catalytic asymmetric intermolecular Michael addition−lactonization of arylacetic acids and α-keto-β,γ-unsaturated esters, giving anti-dihydropyranones with high diastereo- and enantiocontrol (up to 98:2 dr, up to 99% ee).