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Organically Directed Iron Sulfate Chains: Structural Diversity Based on Hydrogen Bonding Interactions

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journal contribution
posted on 02.10.2006, 00:00 by Yunlong Fu, Zhiwei Xu, Jialin Ren, Haishun Wu, Rong Yuan
Six organically directed 1-D iron sulfates hydrated and hydrolyzed to different extents have been prepared hydrothermally. [C2H10N2]1.5[Fe(SO4)3]·2H2O (I), [C2H10N2][Fe(SO4)2(OH)]·H2O (II), [C6H18N2]0.5[Fe(SO4)2(H2O)2] (III), and [C6H18N2]0.5[Fe2(SO4)(H2O)4(OH)]·H2O (V) possess the linear topological structures observed in ferrinatrite, sideronatrite, kröhnkite, and copiapite minerals, respectively. [C4H12N2][Fe2(SO4)3(OH)2(H2O)2]·H2O (IV) shows a novel linear structure that can be regarded as a hybrid of the tancoite and butlerite types. [C6N4H22]0.5[Fe(SO4)2(OH)]·2H2O (VI) adopts a cis configuration, compared with II, to give a rare inorganic helical iron sulfate chain which is a new member of the organically directed transitional metal sulfates. The results reveal that the starting molar proportion of the reactants and the type of amines are critical for the structural motif. There is an obvious relationship between the constitution of chains and the type of amino groups, involving the amount of N−H···O hydrogen bonds.