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Orally Bioavailable Isothioureas Block Function of the Chemokine Receptor CXCR4 In Vitro and In Vivo

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journal contribution
posted on 25.12.2008, 00:00 by Gebhard Thoma, Markus B. Streiff, Jiri Kovarik, Fraser Glickman, Trixie Wagner, Christian Beerli, Hans-Günter Zerwes
The interaction of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 with its ligand CXCL12 is involved in many biological processes such as hematopoesis, migration of immune cells, as well as in cancer metastasis. CXCR4 also mediates the infection of T-cells with X4-tropic HIV functioning as a coreceptor for the viral envelope protein gp120. Here, we describe highly potent, selective CXCR4 inhibitors that block CXCR4/CXCL12 interactions in vitro and in vivo as well as the infection of target cells by X4-tropic HIV.