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Optimum Morphology of Mixed-Olivine Mesocrystals for a Li-Ion Battery

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journal contribution
posted on 01.05.2018, 14:48 authored by Kimin Park, Jaewon Kim, Sungun Wi, Sangheon Lee, Taehyun Hwang, Jaewook Kim, Joonhyeon Kang, Joon-Phil Choi, Seunghoon Nam, Byungwoo Park
In this present work, we report on the synthesis of micron-sized LiMn0.8Fe0.2PO4 (LMFP) mesocrystals via a solvothermal method with varying pH and precursor ratios. The morphologies of resultant LMFP secondary particles are classified into two major classes, flakes and ellipsoids, both of which are featured by the mesocrystalline aggregates where the primary particles constituting LMFP secondary particles are crystallographically aligned. Assessment of the battery performance reveals that the flake-shaped LMFP mesocrystals exhibit a specific capacity and rate capability superior to those of other mesocrystals. The origin of the enhanced electrochemical performance is investigated in terms of primary particle size, pore structure, antisite-defect concentration, and secondary particle shape. It is shown that the shape of the secondary particle has just as much of a significant effect on the battery performance as the crystallite size and antisite defects do. We believe that this work provides a rule of design for electrochemically favorable meso/nanostructures, which is of great potential for improving battery performance by tuning the morphology of particles on multilength scales.