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Optimized Fragmentation Conditions for iTRAQ-labeled Phosphopeptides

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journal contribution
posted on 07.06.2013, 00:00 by Dennis Linke, Chien-Wen Hung, Liam Cassidy, Andreas Tholey
Protein phosphorylation is an important post-translational modification that plays a regulatory role within numerous biological processes. The simultaneous identification, localization, and quantification of phosphorylated proteins is vital for understanding this dynamic control mechanism. The application of isobaric labeling strategies, for example, iTRAQ, for quantitative phosphopeptide analysis requires simultaneous monitoring of peptide backbone fragmentation, loss of phosphoryl moieties, and the cleavage of isobaric labeling reporter ions. In the present study, we have examined MS/MS fragmentation modes available in the Orbitrap Velos MS (collision induced dissociation (CID), CID plus multistage activation, and higher energy collision dissociation (HCD)), for their ability to generate ions required for simultaneous quantification and identification of iTRAQ labeled phosphopeptides in a semicomplex (12) and a complex (131) phosphopeptide mix. The required normalized collision energies for quantification and identification of iTRAQ-labeled phosphopeptides require a compromise between the optimal parameters for each aspect. Here, we were able to determine an optimized MS/MS measurement protocol that involves CID measurement in ion trap for identification followed by HCD measurement for parallel identification and quantification that satisfies the time requirements for LC–MS/MS experiments.