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Opening Magnesium Storage Capability of Two-Dimensional MXene by Intercalation of Cationic Surfactant

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journal contribution
posted on 15.03.2018, 00:00 by Min Xu, Shulai Lei, Jing Qi, Qingyun Dou, Lingyang Liu, Yulan Lu, Qing Huang, Siqi Shi, Xingbin Yan
Two-dimensional (2D) Ti3C2 MXene has attracted great attention in electrochemical energy storage devices (supercapacitors and lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries) due to its excellent electrical conductivity as well as high volumetric capacity. Nevertheless, a previous study showed that multivalent Mg2+ ions cannot reversibly insert into MXene, resulting in a negligible capacity. Here, we demonstrate a simple strategy to achieve high magnesium storage capability for Ti3C2 MXene by preintercalating a cationic surfactant, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). Density functional theory simulations verify that intercalated CTA+ cations reduce the diffusion barrier of Mg2+ on the MXene surface, resulting in the significant improvement of the reversible insertion/deinsertion of Mg2+ ions between MXene layers. Consequently, the MXene electrode exhibits a desirable volumetric specific capacity of 300 mAh cm–3 at 50 mA g–1 as well as outstanding rate performance. This work endows MXene material with an application in electrochemical energy storage and, simultaneously, introduces magnesium battery materials as a member.