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One-Step Bioconversion of Fatty Acids into C8–C9 Volatile Aroma Compounds by a Multifunctional Lipoxygenase Cloned from Pyropia haitanensis

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journal contribution
posted on 12.01.2018, 00:00 by Zhu-Jun Zhu, Hai-Min Chen, Juan-Juan Chen, Rui Yang, Xiao-Jun Yan
The multifunctional lipoxygenase PhLOX cloned from Pyropia haitanensis was expressed in Escherichia coli with 24.4 mg·L–1 yield. PhLOX could catalyze the one-step bioconversion of C18–C22 fatty acids into C8–C9 volatile organic compounds (VOCs), displaying higher catalytic efficiency for eicosenoic and docosenoic acids than for octadecenoic acids. C20:5 was the most suitable substrate among the tested fatty acids. The C8–C9 VOCs were generated in good yields from fatty acids, e.g., 2E-nonenal from C20:4, and 2E,6Z-nonadienal from C20:5. Hydrolyzed oils were also tested as substrates. The reactions mainly generated 2E,4E-pentadienal, 2E-octenal, and 2E,4E-octadienal from hydrolyzed sunflower seed oil, corn oil, and fish oil, respectively. PhLOX showed good stability after storage at 4 °C for 2 weeks and broad tolerance to pH and temperature. These desirable properties of PhLOX make it a promising novel biocatalyst for the industrial production of volatile aroma compounds.