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On the Interactivity of Complex Synthesis and Tumor Pharmacology in the Drug Discovery Process:  Total Synthesis and Comparative in Vivo Evaluations of the 15-Aza Epothilones

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journal contribution
posted on 11.05.2001, 00:00 by Shawn J. Stachel, Chul Bom Lee, Maria Spassova, Mark D. Chappell, William G. Bornmann, Samuel J. Danishefsky, Ting-Chao Chou, Yongbiao Guan
The total syntheses of 12,13,15-desoxy-15(S)-aza-epothilone B (aza-dEpoB; dEpoB-lactam) and 12,13,15-desoxy-15(R)-aza-epothilone B (15-epi-aza-dEpoB; 15-epi-dEpoB-lactam) have been accomplished via a highly convergent strategy. We have also successfully oxidized 12,13,15-desoxy-15(S)-aza-epothilone B to aza-epothilone B (aza-EpoB; EpoB-lactam). Aza-epothilone B has been advanced to phase I clinical trials by the Bristol-Myers Squibb group. Our synthesis is efficient and was amenable to the production of significant quantities of these lactams. Using our fully synthetically derived lactams, in vitro and in vivo studies were conducted in comparison with advanced clinical candidates, 12,13-desoxyepothilone B and 12,13-desoxyepothilone F, also derived by total synthesis.