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Observation of Multiple, Identical Binding Sites in the Exchange of Carboxylic Acid Ligands with CdS Nanocrystals.

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posted on 11.06.2014, 00:00 by Xin Li, Valerie M. Nichols, Dapeng Zhou, Cynthia Lim, George Shu Heng Pau, Christopher J. Bardeen, Ming L. Tang
We study ligand exchange between the carboxylic acid group and 5.0 nm oleic-acid capped CdS nanocrystals (NCs) using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). This is the first measurement of the initial binding events between cadmium chalcogenide NCs and carboxylic acid groups. The binding behavior can be described as an interaction between a ligand with single binding group and a substrate with multiple, identical binding sites. Assuming Poissonian binding statistics, our model fits both steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence (SSPL and TRPL, respectively) data well. A modified Langmuir isotherm reveals that a CdS nanoparticle has an average of 3.0 new carboxylic acid ligands and binding constant, Ka, of 3.4 × 105 M–1.

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