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Obesity Development in a Miniature Yucatan Pig Model: A Multi-compartmental Metabolomics Study on Cloned and Normal Pigs Fed Restricted or Ad Libitum High-Energy Diets

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journal contribution
posted on 16.10.2018, 00:00 by Mihai V. Curtasu, Knud Erik B. Knudsen, Henrik Callesen, Stig Purup, Jan Stagsted, Mette S. Hedemann
Miniature-pig models for human metabolic disorders such as obesity and metabolic syndrome are gaining popularity. However, in-depth knowledge on the phenotypic and metabolic effects of metabolic dysregulation is lacking, and ad libitum feeding is not well-characterized in these pig breeds. Therefore, an investigation was performed into the metabolome of Yucatan minipigs fed ad libitum or restricted diets. Furthermore, we used cloned and conventional minipigs to assess if cloning reflects a presumably lowered variation between subjects. For 5 months, 17 female Yucatan minipigs were fed either ad libitum or restricted Western-style diets. Serum, urine, and liver tissues were collected and analyzed by non-targeted liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry metabolomics and by biochemical analyses. Several metabolic pathways were deregulated as a result of obesity and increased energy-dense feed intake, particularly the hepatic glutathione pathway and the pantothenic acid and tryptophan metabolic pathways in serum and urine. Although cloned minipigs were phenotypically similar to wild-type minipigs, the metabolomics analysis of serum and liver tissues showed several altered pathways, such as amino acid and purine metabolism. These changes, as an effect of cloning, could limit the use of cloned models in dietary intervention studies and provides no evidence of decreased variability between subjects.