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Nucleophilic Substitution of Oxazino-/Oxazolino-/Benzoxazin [3,2-b]indazoles: An Effective Route to 1H-Indazolones

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journal contribution
posted on 04.06.2010, 00:00 by Michael B. Donald, Wayne E. Conrad, James S. Oakdale, Jeffrey D. Butler, Makhluf J. Haddadin, Mark J. Kurth
A variety of nucleophiles, thiolates, alkoxides, amines, iodide, and cyanide, react with oxazino-, oxazolino-, and benzoxazin[3,2-b]indazoles under microwave conditions to yield a diverse set of 2-substituted 1H-indazolones. The synthetic utility of these indazoles is further demonstrated by ANRORC (addition of the nucleophile, ring-opening, and ring closure) reactions to yield isomeric pyrazoloindazolones by a process wherein iodide acts first as a nucleophile and subsequently as a leaving group.