Novel Pd(II)- and Pt(II)-Catalyzed Regio- and Stereoselective trans-Hydroarylation of Alkynes by Simple Arenes
journal contributionposted on 2000-07-12, 00:00 authored by Chengguo Jia, Wenjun Lu, Juzo Oyamada, Tsugio Kitamura, Kenji Matsuda, Masahiro Irie, Yuzo Fujiwara
Efficient trans-hydroarylation of alkynes by simple arenes has been realized regio- and stereoselectively at room temperature in the presence of Pd(II) or Pt(II) catalysts and a mixed solvent containing trifluoroacetic acid (TFA). Various arenes undergo trans-hydroarylation selectively across terminal and internal C−C triple bondsincluding those conjugated to CHO, COMe, CO2H, and CO2Et groups, affording kinetically controlled cis-arylalkenes predominantly in most cases, especially, in good yields for electron-rich arenes and activated alkynes. The formation of arene/alkyne 1/2 or 2/1 adducts as side products is dependent on the arenes' and alkynes' substituents, which can be suppressed in some cases by changing the catalyst, catalyst concentration, and reaction time. The Pt(II) system, PtCl2/2AgOAc/TFA, shows lower catalytic activity than Pd(OAc)2/TFA, but higher selectivity, giving higher yields of adducts at the same conversion. On the basis of several isotope experiments and control reactions, a possible mechanism involving electrophilic metalation of aromatic C−H bonds by in-situ-generated cationic Pd(II) and Pt(II) species leading to intermolecular trans-arylpalladation to alkynes has been discussed.