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Novel Digital Light Processing Printing Strategy Using a Collagen-Based Bioink with Prospective Cross-Linker Procyanidins

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journal contribution
posted on 21.12.2021, 17:08 authored by Zilin Wu, Jing Liu, Jianjun Lin, Lu Lu, Jihuan Tian, Lihua Li, Changren Zhou
Three-dimensional (3D) bioink plays a vital role in the construction of tissues and organs by 3D bioprinting. Collagen has outstanding biocompatibility and is widely used in the field of tissue engineering. However, due to poor mechanical properties and slow self-assembly, it is challenging to manufacture high-precision 3D bioprinted collagen scaffolds. Herein, a novel digital light processing (DLP) bioink which can satisfy the printing of complex structures has been developed. This photocurable bioink is based on collagen and supplemented with a small amount of procyanidins (PA) as a cross-linking agent. The low concentration of collagen gives the bioink good fluidity and excellent biocompatibility, and a small amount of PA increases the cross-linking density of the system to obtain better mechanical properties. Using commercial digital light processing (DLP) printers, this collagen-based ink can effectively print structures with micrometer resolution, and the fidelity of the 3D structures can reach above 90%. Cells were able to be loaded in the bioink and distributed uniformly in the collagen scaffold in an unscathed way. This photocurable collagen bioink has broad application potential in DLP 3D bioprinting.