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Novel Bifunctional Separator with a Self-Assembled FeOOH/Coated g‑C3N4/KB Bilayer in Lithium–Sulfur Batteries

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journal contribution
posted on 18.12.2020, 15:04 by Yang Wang, Liwen Yang, Yanxiao Chen, Qian Li, Changtao Chen, Benhe Zhong, Xiaodong Guo, Zhenguo Wu, Gongke Wang
Separator modification with metal oxide and carbon composite recently has become a potential and competitive way to confine polysulfide diffusion and mitigate the shuttling effect. However, other modification methods also have an impact on the stability of the modified layer and the enhancement of electrochemical performance. Herein, we first design a novel bifunctional separator combined with one self-assembled FeOOH layer via a chemical way and one conductive g-C3N4/KB layer by physical coating. Different from directly coating the metal oxide and carbon composite on the separator, the self-assembled FeOOH layer is firmly formed on the PP separator, which enables the chemical capture of the soluble polysulfide and prohibit the shuttling effect. Then, the coated g-C3N4/KB layer is further introduced to greatly enhance the transportation of lithium ions and physically confine the migration of intermediates. As a result, the battery with this bifunctional separator (G-SFO) achieves outstanding rate capacities (1000, 901, and 802 mA h/g at 0.5, 1, and 2 C). After 900 cycles at 1 C, it also shows excellent long cycle performance, with relatively low fading (0.055%). This original fabrication will present a new and feasible strategy for fabricating a bifunctional separator with metal oxide and carbon material.