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Nonspecific Interaction between DNA and Protein allows for Cooperativity: A Case Study with Mycobacterium DNA Binding Protein

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journal contribution
posted on 22.02.2016, 09:02 authored by Abantika Ganguly, Priya Rajdev, Sunanda Margrett Williams, Dipankar Chatterji
Different DNA-binding proteins have different interaction modes with DNA. Sequence-specific DNA–protein interaction has been mostly associated with regulatory processes inside a cell, and as such extensive studies have been made. Adequate data is also available on nonspecific DNA–protein interaction, as an intermediate to protein’s search for its cognate partner. Multidomain nonspecific DNA–protein interaction involving physical sequestering of DNA has often been implicated to regulate gene expression indirectly. However, data available on this type of interaction is limited. One such interaction is the binding of DNA with mycobacterium DNA binding proteins. We have used the Langmuir–Blodgett technique to evaluate for the first time the kinetics and thermodynamics of Mycobacterium smegmatis Dps1 binding to DNA. By immobilizing one of the interacting partners, we have shown that, when a kinetic bottleneck is applied, the binding mechanism showed cooperative binding (n = 2.72) at lower temperatures, but the degree of cooperativity gradually reduces (n = 1.38) as the temperature was increased. We have also compared the kinetics and thermodynamics of sequence-specific and nonspecific DNA–protein interactions under the same set of conditions.