American Chemical Society
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Nitrogen-Enriched Porous Carbon Fiber as a CO2 Adsorbent with Superior CO2 Selectivity by Air Activation

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-12-10, 13:36 authored by Long Xiong, Xue-Fei Wang, Li Li, Lu Jin, Yong-Gang Zhang, Shu-Lin Song, Rong-Pei Liu
Nitrogen-enriched porous carbon fibers were successfully prepared by one-step carbonization–activation treatment of oxidized polyacrylonitrile fibers. Utilizing the low-temperature carbonization and air activation, lots of narrow micropores were developed, and the volume of pores with a size below 0.8 nm was in the range of 0.110–0.122 g/cm3. Meanwhile, nitrogen preserved in the fibers exceeded 20.8 wt % in content. The porous carbon fiber exhibited an optimal CO2 uptake of 99 mg/g at 25 °C and 1 bar. More importantly, an incomparable Henry’s law CO2/N2 selectivity of 183 was achieved, which was primarily attributed to the prominent nitrogen-containing functionalities. Additionally, the sample had a low isosteric heat of adsorption, between 26.65 and 30.84 kJ/mol. This work provides a convenient strategy for the construction of CO2 adsorbent with high selectivity from nitrogen-containing starting materials.