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New Particle Formation from the Vapor Phase: From Barrier-Controlled Nucleation to the Collisional Limit

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journal contribution
posted on 10.05.2021, 23:44 authored by Kayane K. Dingilian, Martina Lippe, Jakub Kubečka, Jan Krohn, Chenxi Li, Roope Halonen, Fatemeh Keshavarz, Bernhard Reischl, Theo Kurtén, Hanna Vehkamäki, Ruth Signorell, Barbara E. Wyslouzil
Studies of vapor phase nucleation have largely been restricted to one of two limiting casesnucleation controlled by a substantial free energy barrier or the collisional limit where the barrier is negligible. For weakly bound systems, exploring the transition between these regimes has been an experimental challenge, and how nucleation evolves in this transition remains an open question. We overcome these limitations by combining complementary Laval expansion experiments, providing new particle formation data for carbon dioxide over a uniquely broad range of conditions. Our experimental data together with a kinetic model using rate constants from high-level quantum chemical calculations provide a comprehensive picture of new particle formation as nucleation transitions from a barrier-dominated process to the collisional limit.